Partial nephrectomy is the standard of care for smaller renal masses. A recent review studies the different approaches of open surgery compared to laparoscopic surgery. It finds no cancer outcome differences, but supports the laparoscopic approach for reducing morbidity. However, it points out that the laparoscopic approach is a tremendously difficult technique, which limits its use to surgeons proficient in the technique.
The reference for this article is: Ranjith Ramasamy. (February 2013), Laparoscopic vs open partial nephrectomy for T1 renal tumours: evaluation of long‐term oncological and functional outcomes in 340 patients. BJU International, 111: 189.