In an article by Semins et al published in Urology (2012) the authors described the incidence of UTI in just over 95,000 adults. In the overall cohort, women were 4 times more likely to be diagnosed with UTI and pyelonephritis than men. Obesity (BMI>30) was associated with higher risks for UTI and pyelonephritis in both men and women; increasing risk by 4.5 times. However, men were at higher risk for obesity-associated UTIs overall, and women are at higher risk for obesity-associated pyelonephritis. Obesity has also been associated with urological conditions such as male and female sexual dysfunction, infertility, incontinence, genitourinary malignancy, and kidney stones. The authors speculate that weight loss strategies may reduce UTI and other urological conditions.