StoneScreen is a unique and comprehensive programme which investigates the causes of kidney stones. Using data for over 3000 patients and 40 years experience, a renowned UK group led by Dr Bill Robertson has developed a system for using lifestyle and dietary information, combined with he results of urinary, blood and stone tests to calculate a personalised risk profile. StoneScreen uses this system to provide individualised advice to kidney stone formers. It is the most comprehensive scheme available in the UK for assessing all the potential risk factors that lead to stone formation.
StoneScreen is the UK’s most comprehensive testing programme for patients with kidney stones. It consists of an immediate blood and urine test, followed by a postal questionnaire and further urine test. The results can be useful to design lifestyle modification that may reduce the risk of forming further stones. The Staffordshire Urology Clinic is delighted to introduce this service to Staffordshire. To find out more please click here.
Mr Golash has an interest in Medico-Legal reports. He continues to update his knowledge and has recently attended a Medico-Legal training course held in Birmingham.
The Staffordshire Urology Clinic has run clinics at the North Staffordshire Nuffield Hospital in Newcastle-under-Lyme since its formation in 2011. For the convenience of patients who had previously travelled from South Cheshire and from further North, it then introduced a clinic at the BMI South Cheshire Hospital in Crewe. Most recently a new clinic has been opened at Rowley Hall Hospital, Stafford. Both the new clinics offer the same high level of expertise and facilities that patients have come to expect from the Staffordshire Urology Clinic at the North Staffordshire Nuffield hospital, and also offer limited NHS appointments through the “Choose and Book” scheme (for details contact your GP).
In an article by respected experts including Walsh, Epstein and Partin published in BJUI (2013) a prognostic index based on Gleason score was proposed. This should simplify the patient interpretation of risk of prostate cancer recurrence following radical prostatectomy. The prognostic index would be reported 1-5; Gleason score ≤6 (prognostic grade group I); Gleason score 3+4=7 (prognostic grade group II); Gleason score 4+3=7 (prognostic grade group III); Gleason score 4+4=8 (prognostic grade group (IV); and Gleason score 9–10 (prognostic grade group (V).
In an article by Gruenwald et al published in Ther Adv Urol (2013) the authors report a novel treatment for patients with erectile dysfunction.
In an initial study of 15 patients, one month after LI-ESWT, the erectile function in all the men improved. An increase by more than five points in the International Index of Erectile Function – Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) domain score was noted in 14 men, and by more than 10 points in 7 men. Five men did not respond to LI-ESWT. Overall, the average increase in the IIEF-EF domain scores was 7.4 points (13.5–20.9, p = 0.001). Furthermore, erectile function and penile blood flow were measured using nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) and venous occlusion plethysmography of the penis, respectively. LI-ESWT improved all NPT parameters, especially in the 15 men who responded to LI-ESWT, where significant increases in the duration of the erections and penile rigidity were recorded. Penile blood flow also improved significantly and a strong correlation was found between the increase in the IIEF-EF domain scores and the improvement in penile blood flow at the 1-month follow-up examination. At the 6-month follow-up visit, 10 men reported that they still had spontaneous erections that were sufficient for penetration and did not require PDE5i support.
In view of these very successful preliminary results, the effect of LI-ESWT was further investigated in a group of men whose ED was more severe than that of the first group of study patients [Gruenwald et al (2012)]. The average initial IIEF-EF domain score of the 29 men who were recruited for this second study was 8.8 ± 1. All 29 men had not responded to oral PDE5i therapy, and had multiple cardiovascular risk factors (23), cardiovascular disease (11), and diabetes mellitus (14). The specific aim of this second study was to investigate the ability of LI-ESWT to convert nonresponders to PDE5i therapy to PDE5i responders, so that they were able to achieve vaginal penetration with oral PDE5i therapy. The results were comparable to the first study. Three months after the completion of the LI-ESWT protocol, the IIEF-EF domain scores improved by at least five points in 22 men (76%) and the mean IIEF-EF domain score increased by 10 points (to 18.8 ± 1, p < 0.0001). At the end of the study, eight men (28%) achieved normal erections (IIEF-EF domain score greater than 25) and 21 of the 29 men were able to achieve vaginal penetration with oral PDE5i therapy. Overall, 21 men (72%) were converted to PDE5i responders. Cavernosal blood flow and penile endothelial function, as measured again by venous occlusion plethysmography of the penis (flow-mediated dilatation techniques [FMDs]), were both found to be significantly improved (p = 0.0001) in the men who responded to LI-ESWT.
These preliminary results are very interesting, but require confirmation in larger studies.
In an article by Bul et al published in Eur Urol (2013) the authors conclude that active surveillance is a safe and effective strategy to reduce overtreatment of men with low risk prostate cancer. They studied 2494 men with a PSA <10, Gleason score<7, PSAD<0.2 and less than 3 cores positive. Rebiopsies were scheduled at 1, 4 and 7 years. The treatment was deemed a failure if the PSADT was<3 years or if the was progression on repeat biopsy. At a median follow up of 1.6 years only 28% of patients had progressed.
Receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) on an intermittent basis does not appear to be a good choice for men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, according to a trial published in NEJM (2013). After a median follow-up of about 10 years, the study authors found that 765 men treated with continuous therapy lived longer than 770 men treated intermittently (average survival, 5.8 vs 5.1 years). These outcomes translate to a 10% increase in the relative risk for death with the intermittent approach (hazard ratio, 1.10; 90% confidence interval, 0.99 – 1.23).
In an article published in NEJM (2013) the authors studied 1655 patients enrolled in the Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study. All has localised prostate cancer and were aged 55-64 at treatment. Two thirds had surgery and the rest radiotherapy. At 2 and 5 years those having surgery were 5-6 times more likely to have incontinence and 2-3.5 times mire likely to have erectile dysfunction, but bowel urgency was 50-60% less likely. There were no differences in these outcomes at 15 years.